Dengue fever and viral fever are two completely different diseases, but the symptoms occur pretty similarly in the early stages, causing many people to be confused. The following article will help you distinguish viral fever from dengue fever so that appropriate treatment can be given to minimize the risk of complications.
Distinguishing viral fever and dengue fever by the cause of the disease
Different etiologies cause viral fever and dengue fever. Detail:
Dengue fever is a disease caused by the dengue virus. Mosquitoes bite an infected person, then bite a healthy person, and easily be infected. The two most common mosquito vectors are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue fever can leave many dangerous complications, even affecting the patient’s life if not treated promptly.
Viral fever is caused by infection with different viruses. The disease is also known as viral fever. Viral fever is usually benign and will clear up on its own after about seven days of infection.
Distinguishing viral fever and dengue fever by symptoms
How to distinguish viral fever and dengue fever by the following symptoms:
Symptoms of viral fever
Depending on the type of virus, patients can experience different severe symptoms. Detail:
- The patient has a high fever from 39 to 40 degrees. Celsius; the body is tired, sluggish, and responds poorly to some antipyretic drugs.
- Patients may experience some symptoms such as runny nose, sore throat, cough, etc.
- Some manifestations of digestive disorders, such as loose stools,
- Patients may experience nausea and vomiting.
- The patient has swollen lymph nodes in the same head, face, and neck, which can be detected easily by palpation and manual pressure.
- Convulsions due to high fever. If the patient is an adult, there are often feelings of pain, discomfort, headache, eye pain, etc. Young children will have more fussy expressions than usual, and even children may have contractions.
- Swollen lymph nodes: Appearance of lymph nodes in the head, face, and neck area, which may be painful and palpable, are more significant than usual.
- After about two days of fever, the patient begins to show red rashes on the skin.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
Symptoms of dengue fever can vary from stage to stage. As follows:
At the onset: This is the first three days of the disease. The patient has a sudden manifestation of high fever, fever up to 39 – 40 degrees Celsius. Accompanied by fatigue, headache, eye socket pain, and symptoms of runny nose, sore throat, cough, as shown in patients with viral fever.
Full play phase:
- At this stage, the patient may have a fever but may have low platelets in the blood and begin to have mild to severe bleeding symptoms. This is the stage where complications are likely to occur.
- The condition of bleeding under the skin, accompanied by skin itching.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding: The patient has black stools, bloody stools or vomiting blood.
- Some other cases may have nosebleeds, bleeding gums, women with vaginal bleeding not due to menstruation.
- In severe cases, there may be cerebral or intra-abdominal bleeding, which is very dangerous.
- Some patients develop hypotension or shock because of hypovolemia.
Recovery phase: At this stage, the patient’s fever is gone, the body is gradually getting better, platelets increase progressively.
How to take care of patients with viral fever and dengue fever
For cases of dengue fever
When there are symptoms of suspected disease, patients need to visit reputable medical facilities. Here, doctors will assign patients to perform the necessary tests to identify the disease.
Suppose the patient has a high fever above 38.5 degrees. In that case, it is necessary to use antipyretic drugs according to the doctor’s instructions. Do not use aspirin, Analgin at the same time; the patient should not arbitrarily administer fluids.
If the patient has a high fever but does not feel better, it is necessary to go to the hospital. Some severe cases require hospitalization for monitoring. Mild cases can be treated at home as directed by your doctor.
For cases of viral fever
Currently, there is no specific treatment for patients with viral fever.
Patients with a high fever above 38.5 degrees Celsius should take fever-reducing drugs as prescribed by their doctor.
When the fever is high, the sick person is easily dehydrated. Therefore, it is necessary for the patient to drink a lot of water, maybe filtered water or fruit juice, resolve electrolyte water.
Patients should stay at home and not contact many people to avoid spreading the disease to healthy people.
Methods of disease prevention
For dengue fever: The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid mosquito bites by sleeping with nets off, wearing long-sleeved clothes when going into areas with many mosquitoes, and killing mosquitoes, limiting the breeding of mosquitoes. by clearing bushes, sealing water containers.
For viral fever: You can prevent the disease by eating well, exercising regularly to strengthen the immune system, protect the body, and limit being attacked by pathogenic viruses. If someone in your family or residential area, or workplace is sick, you need to take the initiative to prevent infection by limiting contact with the ill person.